Martin county is in the Eastern Coal Field region of Kentucky. The elevation in the county ranges from 550 to 1606 feet above sea level.
It was formed in 1870 from Floyd, Johnson, Lawrence, and Pike counties. The county seat is Inez.
In 2020 the county population was 11,287 in a land area of 229.61 square miles, an average of 49.2 people per square mile.
The equine population was not available in the 2012 Kentucky Equine Survey.
Martin county is in the Big Sandy Area Development District. It is in the Appalachian region according to the Appalachian Regional Commission.
Martin county was named to honor John Preston Martin, who served in the Kentucky house and senate and in the United States Senate.
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