Kentucky Atlas and Gazetteer

Map of Nelson County, Kentucky

Nelson county is in the Western Knobs region of Kentucky. The elevation in the county ranges from 390 to 1090 feet above sea level.

It was formed in 1785 from Jefferson county. The county seat is Bardstown. Nelson county was a source of Washington (1792), Green (1793), Hardin (1793), Bullitt (1797), and Spencer (1824) counties.

In 2020 the county population was 46,738 in a land area of 417.51 square miles, an average of 111.9 people per square mile.

The equine population was 2,800 in the 2012 Kentucky Equine Survey.

Nelson county is in the Bardstown micro statistical area and the Lincoln Trail Area Development District.

Nelson county was formed while the territory was part of Virginia and named for Thomas Nelson, a Virginia governor and signer of the Declaration of Independence.

Many of the early settlers in the county were Roman Catholic and a diocese was established in Bardstown in 1808, where the Saint Joseph Proto-Cathedral was completed about 1825. Nelson county is home to the Abbey of Gethsemani and the Sisters of Charity of Nazareth.

Whiskey has been produced commercially in Nelson county since 1844 and it is still home to several distilleries. The Oscar Getz Museum of Whiskey History is located in Bardstown.

Census Census Data Nelson County Seat Nelson County Overview Google Map County Map Historical Markers National Register Cooperative Extension Bardstown, Kentucky Coxs Creek, Kentucky Chaplin, Kentucky Bloomfield, Kentucky Boston, Kentucky Fairfield, Kentucky Gethsemani, Kentucky New Haven, Kentucky Bullitt County, Kentucky Spencer County, Kentucky Anderson County, Kentucky Hardin County, Kentucky Larue County, Kentucky Marion County, Kentucky Washington County, Kentucky

© 2023 David C. Elbon